Summary: In 2009 a paper by Pearce-Higgins et al (see previous BSG news and resources bulletin) concluded that operational wind farms had resulted in the displacement of a number of upland breeding bird species. Since this time, nature conservation consultees have become concerned about displacement effects and the impacts this might have on wader populations. Curlew, a species identified in the paper as showing a reduction in nesting density at distances of up to 800m from turbines, has been a particular concern, especially in areas (such as upland Wales) where local populations have been subject to considerable declines and are already extremely fragmented. This has led to requests for large-scale ‘compensatory’ off site habitat management in relation to some wind farm planning applications.
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